The Science of Reading
The science of reading is similar to the science of climate change. We have the data and know the solutions. However, the practical implementation of those solutions do not make it into our communities or schools.
It is unfair to teachers and students that the majority of teacher training programs do not include the science of how to teach reading.
Humans evolved over millions of years, our brains have only been exposed to reading for a few hundred years. Reading is not a natural process like speech. Reading cannot be understood simply as associative learning—that is, the learning of an arbitrary code connecting written symbols and their sounds. Reading involves higher-level mental processes such as the connecting of symbols to sounds, the discovery of rules, order, patterns and when those rules do not apply. Finally, once the code is cracked - the extraction of structured, meaningful information can occur.
Data chart: "below basic" means more than 30% of students in 2017 across the USA are illiterate.
Dyslexia found in high numbers in prisoners...
A study found that 80 percent of inmates in the Huntsville, Texas, state prison were functionally illiterate, and 48 percent of those were dyslexic.
Watch the news clip here including information about a prison reform bill to