The Science of Reading
The science of reading is similar to the science of climate change. We have the data and know the solutions. However, the practical implementation of those solutions do not make it into our communities or schools.
It is unfair to teachers and students that teacher training does not include the science of how to teach reading.
Humans evolved over millions of years, our brains have only been exposed to reading for a few hundred years. Reading is not a natural process like speech. Reading cannot be understood simply as associative learning—that is, the learning of an arbitrary code connecting written symbols and their sounds. Reading involves higher-level mental processes such as the connecting symbols to sounds, the discovery of rules, order, patterns and when those rules do not apply. Finally, once the code is cracked - the extraction of structured, meaningful information can occur.
Data chart: "below basic" means more than 30% of students in 2017 across the USA are illiterate.
False Strategies: The Three-Cueing System
“ ... attention should be focused on decoding words rather than the use of unreliable strategies such as looking at the illustrations, rereading the sentence, saying the first sound or guessing what might ‘fit’. Although these strategies might result in intelligent guesses, none of them is sufficientlyreliable and they can hinder the acquisition and application of phonic knowledge and skills,prolonging the word recognition process and lessening children’s overall understanding. Childrenwho routinely adopt alternative cues for reading unknown words, instead of learning to decode them, later find themselves stranded when texts become more demanding and meanings less predictable. The best route for children to become fluent and independent readers lies in securing phonics as the prime approach to decoding unfamiliar words (Primary National Strategy, 2006b,p.9).”
Phonics vs Whole Language
by Reading researcher Dr. Maryanne Wolf
Whole-Language High Jinks
Dyslexia found in high numbers in prisoners...
A study found that 80 percent of inmates in the Huntsville, Texas, state prison were functionally illiterate, and 48 percent of those were dyslexic.
Watch the news clip here including information about a prison reform bill to