Dyslexia is a neurologically based learning difference that presents a range of word recognition weaknesses that causes reading, spelling, and, in some cases, comprehension challenges. Some subtypes of dyslexia are more easily recognized (and more common) than others. Identifying a child's dyslexia subtype makes it easier to match a remediation approach that would meet these challenges.
Students may have mixed dyslexia subtypes with mild to acute skill weaknesses. Experts differ in their view of how many subtypes there are all together. However, they agree that there are four main areas (see below). Being diagnosed with a dyslexia subtype means that the student's weakness is most pronounced in that particular area.
The Feifer Assessment of Reading (FAR) is an evaluation program that addresses four specific subtypes:
Early Screening for Risk of Dyslexia
What is Dyslexia?